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Thursday, October 17, 2013

Snowdonia National Park

Snowdonia National Park was established on 18th October 1951
It covers 827 square miles in area and may be divided into four areas:...
1) The northernmost area is the most popular with tourists, and includes (from west to east) Moel Hebog, Mynydd Mawr and the Nantlle Ridge; the Snowdon Massif; the Glyderau; and the Carneddau. These last three groups include all Wales' 3000-foot mountains.
2) The second area includes the mountains around Blaenau Festiniog.
3) The third area includes the Rhinogydd in the west as well as the Arenig and the Migneint (an area of bog). This area is not as popular with tourists as the other areas, due to its remoteness.
4) The southernmost area includes Cadair Idris, the Tarren range, the Dyfi hills, and the Aran group,
* The Park attracts over 6 million visitors annually
* The Welsh name for the area Eryri, probably derives from eryr ("eagle"),
* In the Middle Ages the title Prince of Wales and Lord of Snowdonia (Tywysog Cymru ac Arglwydd Eryri) was used by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd; his grandfather llywelyn Fawr used the title Prince of North Wales and Lord of Snowdonia.
* Unusually, Snowdonia National Park has a hole in the middle, around the town of Blaenau Ffestiniog. This was deliberately excluded from the Park in order to allow the development of new light industry to replace the decimated slate industry.
* The Park's entire 37 miles of coastline is a Special Area of Conservation, as it contains valuable sand dune systems.
* Northern Snowdonia is the only place in Britain where the Snowdon Lily and the rainbow-coloured Snowdon beetle are found, and the only place in the world where the Snowdonia hawkweed grows.
* Rare mammals in the park include otters, polecats and the feral goat.
* Rare birds include raven, peregrine, osprey, merlin and the red kite.
* Crib Goch is the wettest spot in the United Kingdom, with an average rainfall of 176" a year. more

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