"Cenedl heb iaith, cenedl heb galon"-"A nation without a language is a nation without a heart" Welsh Proverb

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Monday, July 27, 2015

150th for the landing of the Mimosa and the Welsh in Argentina!

We celebrate with the Patagonia Settlement the 150th for the landing of the Mimosa in Argentina!
"The idea of a Welsh colony in South America was put forward by Professor Michael D. Jones, (great Grandfather of Ninnau editor Dr. Arturo Roberts.) Welsh nationalist non-conformist preacher based in Bala who had called for a new "little Wales beyond Wales". He spent some years in the United States, where he observed that Welsh immigrants assimilated very quickly compared with o...
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Mes del ‪#‎Sesquicentenario‬ del desembarco Gales en las costas de Puerto Madryn! ‪#‎mimosa

Wednesday, July 15, 2015

July 16th-

16th of July Owain Glyndwr's victory against overwhelming odds over the King's forces The Battle of Mynydd Hyddgen in the summer of 1401 is considered his first victory in the field and it set the tone for the spread of the rebellion in its early stages and turned him from a local rebel to a national leader.
Not much is known of the battle, but the probable site is a remote area of the Pumlumon Mountain range. It is thought that Owain's force of just 120 men would have be...en made up mostly of archers mounted on hill ponies that would have been well suited for travelling across boggy or mountainous regions. The English-Flemish army meanwhile would have generally consisted of infantry with some light cavalrymen supporting them. Despite having decent equipment, many of the English-Flemish soldiers were lacking in military experience, and there was a general lack of discipline within their army.
The sole written source is The Peniarth Manuscript 135 written by the poet Gruffydd Hiraethog many years later in 1550 and based on earlier accounts that have not survived;
"Owain rose with 120 reckless men and robbers and brought them in war like fashion to the uplands of Ceredigion; and 1500 men of the lowlands of Ceredigion and of Rhos and Penfro assembled there and came to the mountain with the intent to sieze Owain, The encounter between them was on Hyddgen Mountain and no sooner did the English troops turn their backs in flight than 200 of them were slain. Owain now won great fame and a great number of youths and fighting men from every part of Wales rose and joined him, until he had a great host at his back"

Saturday, July 11, 2015

Owain Glyndwr

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Monday, July 6, 2015

6th July 1403

6th July
Glyndwr takes Carmarthen on 6th July 1403
Owain Glyndwr, since being proclaimed Prince of Wales by his followers, had been a thorn in the flesh of Hen...ry IV of England. However, until 1403 Owain's success had been confined to North Wales, where, along with his Tudur cousins, he had captured or destroyed several Anglo-Norman strongholds such as Ruthin, Conway and Welshpool. Owain had thwarted Henry's counter-attacks, captured his son's baggage train and in 1401 had achieved a major victory at the battle of Mynydd Hyddgen.
During 1402, Glyndwr's forces had gone from strength to strength, capturing and ransoming his arch-rival Reginald de Grey in April and defeating and capturing Edmund Mortimer at the battle of Pilleth on Bryn Glas hill near Prestigne in June. This represented a significant advance into Mid Wales. An alliance with the Mortimer family, sealed by marriage to Owain's daughter, posed an increased threat to Henry IV's power. However, it was in July 1403 that Owain Glyndwr truly swept to power throughout Wales. His advance through his mother's homeland of Deheubarth, down the Tywi Valley secured the strongholds of Dryslwyn, Newcastle Emlyn and on 6th July, following a short siege, Carmarthen. With his army now 8000 strong, and with hundreds of Welsh archers and experienced men-at-arms defecting from Henry's army to swell Glyndwr's ranks, this could be said to represent the almost total collapse of English rule in Wales at that time.

Saturday, June 20, 2015

21st June: Owain Gyndwr

  1. 21st June
    On this day 1404, Owain Glyndwr held a Parliament at Machynlleth at which he was Crowned Prince of Wales.
    After a successful campaign of less than fo...ur years, Owain Glyndŵr had brought an end to over 300 years of Anglo - Norman wars of conquest and colonisation and had all but undone the 100 years of English rule foisted upon Wales by Edward I in the years between 1282 - 83. Following on an inauspicies beginning during the month of September 1400, the Welsh spent the winter organising in the mountains of Gwynedd and by the new year of 1401, they were ready to launch a major military offensive. This offensive resulted in a victory at the Battle of Hyddgen allowing for them to sweep the enemy before them into the South West.
    During 1402, the victorious Welsh Armies of National Liberation were attacking the English in Central Wales where, on 22 June 1402, they won another great victory at the 'Battle of Bryn Glas' and by 1403, all of Wales was in open revolt with offensives taking place on a broad front which, again, in July 1403, resulted in another great victory at the'Battle of Bryn Owen - Stalling Down'. By this period, the Welsh had, to all extent and purposes, isolated and negated English Castle rule in Wales and during the Winter and Spring of 1404, they had launched a North to South border campaign that, finaly, put their English enemy on the defensive and, in the process, Owain Glyndwr had liberated most of Wales.
    On or about 21 June 1404, Owain Glyndŵr and his advisors considered it safe enough to call for a 'free' Welsh Parliament sitting as the first 'Senedd Cenedl Cymru Rydd', at which Owain Glyndŵr "by grace of God" was crowned 'Tywysog Cymru'. This day is, without doubt, the most memorable patriotic and political day in Welsh History and is commemorated in Machynlleth and celebrated throughout Wales and the world by Welsh exiles annually at Midsummer as either, 'Dydd Senedd Glyndŵr' or 'Dydd Coroni Owain Glyndŵr' - depending on where patriots prefer to place emphasis - whether it be on the first Welsh Parliament or, on the crowning ceremony and the reclaiming of a Sovereignty given away by Hywel Dda in recognition of the overlordship of English Kings which, eventually, became asserted with the murder of Llywelyn ap Grufydd.

Wednesday, May 27, 2015

28th May

28th May
Born on this day 1354 (according to Pennant)
Owain Glyndwr, rebel leader and early exponent of guerrilla warfare whose popular uprising against English rule in the 15th century lasted more than a decade.
By today’s standards, Owain Glyndwr seems an unlikely rebel. He was a well- connected member of the landed gentry who studied law at the Inns of Court in London. He was also descended from several of the ancient royal houses of Wales. In the turbulent times in which he lived, he was a natural leader for his discontented countrymen. In 1400, after more than a century of subjugation to the English crown, the Welsh were in rebellious mood. Henry IV had seized power from Richard II, in whose army Glyndwr had served against the Scots. When the new king refused to hear his grievances against Reginald de Grey, Lord of Ruthin, Glyndwr’s local dispute quickly became a national uprising.
Rallying other Welsh nobles to his cause, Glyndwr proclaimed himself Prince of Wales. Welsh scholars from Oxford and building workers from London returned home to join Glyndwr’s revolt. Henry responded in kind and marched his army into Wales. Glyndwr remained elusive, disappearing into the hills with his trusted band. This was how he spent much of the rest of his life; continually evading capture and creating the template for guerrilla leaders of the future. The success of his military tactics ensured that by the end of 1403 Owain Glyndwr controlled much of Wales.
Glyndwr sought to establish external alliances, both with the Scots and the French. His letter to Charles VI of France, the famous “Penal” letter which survives today, yielded some financial and military support, though it was too little and too late. French troops landed at Milford Haven in 1405, but stayed in Wales for less than a year. The turning point came with the rebel’s defeat at Pwllmelyn in Monmouthshire. His power ebbing, Glyndwr retreat into his heartland in central Wales. He died, probably in around 1416, still a free man and with his legendary status assured.
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Friday, May 22, 2015

Thursday, May 21, 2015

A combined S4C and BBC Wales documentary will mark the 150th anniversary of the first journey to South America by Welsh settlers.

By Daily Wales correspondent
A combined S4C and BBC Wales documentary will mark the 150th anniversary of the first journey to South America by Welsh settlers.
On May 28th, 1865 a group of 153 passengers left Liverpool for a two month sea journey, taking them the 7,000 miles to Patagonia in Argentina.
In the S4C programme, Patagonia, Huw Edwards meets with some of the descendants of those first settlers who had dreamt of building a new Wales as a safe haven for the Welsh language.
Huw Edwards said:
“I’ve travelled the world in my capacity as a journalist and broadcaster, but this is the first time I’ve experienced the Welsh life in Chubut Province in southern Argentina.
“The communities of Chubut and the Andes were both warm and sincere in their welcome, proud of their Welsh ancestry, and keen to lay firm foundations for the future.”
The programme, to be shown on May 31, explores the prospects for the Welsh language in the region and asks what the future holds for the culture the pioneers strived to protect.
It’s estimated that around 5,000 people still speak Welsh as their first language, with a further 25,000 having it as their second language.
Dafydd Rhys, S4C Director of Content, said:
“We are all set at S4C to celebrate the fascinating history of the Welsh people and those of Welsh heritage in Patagonia with a range of exciting new programmes and a rich archive.
“This authoritative documentary by Huw Edwards, one of the leading Welsh broadcasters of our generation, will be the best possible taster for the season that is scheduled to mark the 150th anniversary of the landing in July.
“We are delighted to be working closely with the BBC and many other organisations to make this national celebration truly memorable.”
Celebrations will be held in Wales and Patagonia to mark the anniversary and in addition to Patagonia Huw Edwards on S4C, Patagonia with Huw Edwards will be broadcast on BBC1 Wales on June 1st.

A nation without language is a nation without heart..............Welsh the language of heaven!....Well a least the music of heaven!

Translation: A nation without language is a nation without heart
Approximate pronunciation: Ken-edl heb yayth, kenedl heb gal-on

Thursday, May 14, 2015

Carwyn Jones: Welsh people ‘least knowledgeable’ in Europe on their own history

14 May 2015
Posted by Daily Wales
Posted in News
By Daily Wales correspondent
The Welsh First Minister believes Welsh people know less about their own history than any other nation in Europe.
As the man in overall control of the nation’s education, you might expect this to form part of a radical rethink on the way children are taught in Wales.
But it’s not. Instead, he made the remark while muttering about the importance of good signage at Welsh historical sites.
It was part of a Cardiff Bay talk to members of UNESCO – the organisation which decides on which landmarks should receive special World Heritage status.
He is reported to have said:
“It is probably true to say that the Welsh people are the least knowledgeable of their own history as a group than possibly anybody else in Europe.
“People know a little bit about Welsh history. You can talk to people about what happened in the 13th century, you can talk to people about Glyndwr, you can talk to people about the Anglicisation of the Welsh gentry – what I did at A-level history – they don’t know about that.
“The industrial heritage we have, again people quite often are not aware of it. So being able to use our World Heritage sites to promote knowledge amongst our own people and across the world widely is crucial.”
The problem of English and British perspectives dominating the teaching of history in Welsh schools was highlighted by a 2013 report compiled by a Welsh Government appointed panel.
The Cwricwlwm Cymreig study found that:
“The influence of this belief that the history of England is the only ‘proper’ history is still to be seen in the custom of referring to the history of Wales as a subject distinct from history itself.
“The history of the state, and thus of England, is the official history, namely, the history taught in the country’s schools since the public education system developed in the Victorian era.
“This did not have to mean a complete absence of Welsh history in schools. Given that Wales had been a part of England, practically and constitutionally, for so many centuries, it follows that Welsh history had to be studied in the wider context of English history.
“However, when added to a historic lack of confidence in Welsh national identity, too often Anglocentric British history became the only kind of history taught. Rather than interpret Wales within a British context, Wales was often simply just left out of the history taught in schools.”
In Scotland, the curriculum was changed in 2013 to promote a greater understanding on the country’s history, culture and language

Save our Male Voice Choirs!

SAVE OUR MALE VOICE CHOIRS Once upon a time when the mines were the life blood of the Welsh valleys, the choral sounds ...

Wednesday, May 6, 2015

Sunday, May 3, 2015

Cerrig firefighter solves 10-year-old mystery of Patagonian bones

A FIREFIGHTER from North Wales hit the headlines in Argentina when she helped bring a 10-year mystery to a close.